The Benefits of Taking Your Baby Swimming (From Bonding to Mental Health) – Guest post

Guest post from Jo Stone, who is a co-founder of Puddle Ducks: a franchise business that teaches independent swimming from birth in a nurturing environment with individually tailored activities.


One of the best-loved family activities, swimming is also one of the most widely participated sports in the UK. You may think there’s not much more to swimming than seeing your little one in a cute swimming costume, splashing around, and playing with all of the floats, but taking the plunge with your baby is a lot more beneficial than you may have first thought. Here are a few benefits to your baby making their first splash:

  1. Confidence is key

Introducing your baby to swimming from an early age can help to boost their water confidence (and their wider confidence), and in the long run it can prevent any future water-fear. It’s not uncommon for parents to pass on uneasiness of water and swimming to their children, because children are perceptive that way. By getting your baby used to water and swimming, they will bypass this fear, and it may even help you overcome your own fears (if you have them).

  1. Safety first

It’s normal for you to feel nervous about taking your little one to the pool, but there are so many positives. One of which is safety. You may not think it at first, but taking your baby swimming early on helps to build up their knowledge of water safety. Whether it’s teaching them to turn and reach for a wall/float/mum, or just learning the sensation of floating, it all adds up to showing them that the swimming pool is a safe and fun environment.

  1. Nothing beats family bonding

Swimming with your baby provides quality bonding time between both of you. We always have less time with our little ones than we would like, but swimming gives us that bonding time back. Being in the water with them is a great opportunity to give your undivided attention to them with lots of eye-to-eye communication, and have some water-based fun.

Skin-to-skin contact helps to strengthen the bond between you and your baby, and let’s not forget that it’s a great opportunity for the dads to spend some one-on-one time with the little ones to increase their bond together.

  1. Mental and physical health

Swimming is a superb way to incorporate exercise into your baby’s lifestyle from an early age. Swimming – unknowingly – is actually a full-body workout, because it encompasses physical activity from all of your baby’s muscles. Not only does it help with their physical health, but it also has a big impact on their mental health too. As swimming helps to strengthen your baby’s heart and lungs, it therefore encourages the development of the brain by stimulating all five senses of taste, touch, smell, sight, and sound. Plus, swimming helps to burn a few calories too, so be prepared for a workout yourself as well!

  1. Baby balance and coordination

A study by the Norwegian University of Science & Technology showed that babies who swim can grasp objects and have better balance than those who stay out of the pool. The main focus in the swimming pool is maintaining balance as your body is fully supported by water. So, your baby’s balance will inevitably improve, given that water-balance is their focal point when in the water.

  1. Strength and wellbeing

The buoyancy and water-resistance that babies experience during swimming means they use their muscles a lot more, and a lot more effectively. This all helps to build strength in your little one’s muscles and teach them about muscle control.

Now, we’re not saying swimming will get rid of your sleepless nights, but, swimming does help improve your baby’s sleeping pattern. The extra exercise will help to make your little one sleepier, which will maybe even give you a bit of a rest too. It’s not just the nighttime habits that will improve – it’s their appetites too. Exercise and the warm water of the pool can make a baby hungry, so make sure you have some snacks ready for after their last splash.

Committing to weekly swimming classes will help to add structure to both yours and your little one’s week. Providing them with a fun and social activity regularly definitely helps to improve their feeling of wellbeing.

  1. Enhance learning skills

There are many learning benefits swimming can have for your baby. The continued responding to voice-commands can help to increase their mental skills of understanding. In fact, a study at Griffith University found that those who swim from a young age are ahead of non-swimmers by 6 to 15 months when it comes to solving maths problems, developing language skills, counting ability, and the overall following of instructions.

Advancement in cognitive learning is also heavily increased due to swimming. If you think about the process of swimming, your baby will be learning multiple cross-pattern movements and exercises, which all increases neuron build-up in the brain. This facilitates skills such as communication, and overall will help to improve skills such as reading, spatial awareness, and academic learning.

  1. Social time

It’s always good to socialise, and we all love a bit of ‘us’ time with our friends, but guess what? So do your little ones. By going swimming, not only are you helping to improve their physical and cognitive development, but also allows them a head-start with their social skills.

We’re guessing you’re already packing the swim-bag and deciding which towel to take (we suggest the blue one), so have a look at where your local Puddle Ducks swim-team is, and get ready for you and your baby to make a splash!

Inside your pregnant body: hormones and other stuff to be aware of when working out

You won’t believe what goes on inside your pregnant body without you even realising!

If you are still feeling sick hopefully it will start to get better over the next couple of weeks. Chances are you haven’t noticed any drastic changes to your waistline yet, but you may have a bit of a bump, everyone is different. If you are an experienced exerciser make the most of the next couple of weeks before you have to start adapting your routine. If you are not an experienced exerciser then try and make active daily choices and do your daily exercisers (pelvic floor, bum and ab squeezes, see 3-Plan) and think about starting more regular, appropriate exercise once you have had the OK from your 12 week scan.

Try to remember how remarkable your body is. The journey to motherhood is incredible if you look at how your body changes and adapts to make its environment just right for your growing baby. This week we are going to look at what hormones are released in pregnancy and how they impact on exercise and the other changes that are going on inside your body that you should be aware of and reassured about in relation to safe exercising in pregnancy.

 

Hormones

Let’s look at four of the big players: relaxin, oestrogen, progesterone and insulin.

1. Relaxin

The role of relaxin is to relax the ligaments of the pelvis to enable the joints to separate to accommodate your growing baby. Later, for your pelvis to open up and your baby to be born.

However clever relaxin may be, it is not able to target the relaxing effect on just the pelvic area. It can cause joint laxity on ligaments and fibrous tissue anywhere in the body, including your back, hip joints, knees and ankles, which all become slightly more prone to injury. Its relaxing effect can also mean there is significant movement between pelvic joints which can range from mildly uncomfortably to excruciatingly painful.

Pregnant women may find that they have greater range of movement during pregnancy due to relaxin. This means it is really important not to overstretch when moving or stretching and stay within a normal range of movement. The effects of relaxin are less noticeable in first time mums; more so in subsequent and multiple pregnancies. It can take six months to return to normal levels (a small amount is always present in the body) but longer if you are breastfeeding, so relaxin is also a factor to consider in postnatal exercise prescription.

2. Oestrogen

Oestrogen has many important functions in pregnancy, including promoting growth of various bits and bobs like your uterus, breasts and your left ventricle (how marvellous!) It also has roles in regulating progesterone, the development of your placenta and baby and colostrum production.

Oestrogen also contributes to the increase in your metabolic rate and oedema (fluid retention), which both have an impact on your exercise programme. Regular exercise can help reduce fluid retention. Be mindful of your increased metabolic rate; you’ll need to take on extra calories if you are exercising (200-300 a day from healthy foods) and also have a slightly higher core temperature, so take care when working out not to overheat.

3. Progesterone

The roles of progesterone, like oestrogen, are many and varied. Levels of both increase steadily as pregnancy progresses. A function which will have a significant impact on working out is the way progesterone makes smooth muscle relax. This includes your oesophagus, blood vessels and digestive system (the reason for some of the delightful pregnancy ailments such as heartburn, varicose veins and piles).

Also impacting your exercise programme is the fact that progesterone helps to stabilise your blood pressure by relaxing your blood vessels and reducing venous return, meaning you may feel dizzy or light headed due to lower blood pressure.

It also increases your sensitivity to CO2, increasing oxygen levels when you breathe through an elevated breathing rate. This means you shouldn’t try and continue at pre-pregnancy exercise levels as you may be panting before you start!

Finally progesterone has the essential role of stopping important things happening before they should, including lactation and contractions.

4. Insulin

Insulin resistance increases in all women during pregnancy making their pattern of energy usage similar to that of a mild diabetic. This is actually your body’s way of making sure that blood glucose circulates for longer so that it can be properly absorbed by the placenta and the baby, so is not a bad thing! However, around 2-4% of women will develop gestational diabetes (which only lasts for the duration of the pregnancy) which may cause some birth defects and result in babies having to be delivered early by caesarean.

Gestational diabetes is usually treated through diet and exercise; overweight women are more likely to develop it. If you do suffer your Midwife will advise on treatment, but it will likely include healthy eating and regular exercise; what we should all be doing anyway!

The main thing to be aware of with exercise and pregnancy insulin levels is that regular training encourages increased insulin sensitivity, which could result in a drop in glucose being available to the baby during exercise. Just remember if you are working out to eat regularly and have a healthy snack before and after exercising.

If you have existing diabetes make sure you discuss your management plan with your Midwife so they can give you appropriate advice and support.

 

Your changing body during pregnancy

As you can see from our quick run down on the hormones there are lots of changes going on in your body during pregnancy, but this doesn’t mean you can’t be active. However, there are a few things to bear in mind. Just to make sure you have all the key information:

Be reassured:

Cool as a cucumber During pregnancy your core temperature rises by approximately 0.6 degrees celsius. Your sweat point lowers, enabling you to dissipate heat from yourself and your baby. This, along with a slightly elevated breathing rate, means that you have a fab inbuilt cooling mechanism and overheating is unlikely.

Go with the flow Cardio exercise will not compromise blood flow to your baby. Provided you are working out at a sensible intensity and not for too long (i.e. over an hour and a half) your body will direct blood to your baby ahead of your working muscles. Stop if your muscles feel fatigued.

Added bonus You are still getting all the ‘normal’ benefits of exercise in addition to the ones related to pregnancy. You’ll be boosting your immune system, improving your cardiovascular and muscle fitness and endurance, releasing endorphins and, hopefully, improving your body image.

Put your hands up! Some people say that you shouldn’t raise your hands above shoulder height in later pregnancy, in case the umbilical cord gets wrapped around your baby’s neck. This is an old wives’ tale and you can ignore it. Carry on raising your hands as long as it feels comfortable. You only need to be cautious if you have issues with high blood pressure.

Don’t count on it An old school of thought used to say in pregnancy your heart rate during exercise should not go above 140 BPM. There’s no right or wrong and every woman is different. A bit of a sweat is OK, but try to keep your effort level moderate – at around 60–70 per cent of your maximum heart rate. Don’t measure your heart rate; go by how you feel and make sure you can still hold a conversation (see page xx)

Be aware

Back in action If you lie on your back (supine) when your bump is big it may put pressure on your vena cava and affect blood flow, making you feel light-headed. This is called ‘supine hypotensive syndrome’. Avoid lying on your back for any length of time and try side and seated positions instead.

Full of hot air During pregnancy your need for oxygen increases, meaning your breathing rate rises. Later in pregnancy it also becomes harder to take a big breath as your belly expands. Moderate your workout intensity so you can breathe comfortably.

Huff and puff Progesterone is a hormone that relaxes smooth muscle and makes you more sensitive to CO2. This may mean your breathing rate increases and you get puffed more quickly. If this happens moderate your intensity.

Working overtime Your resting heart rate (HR) and blood pumped per beat will increase. This means that you should moderate cardio activity as pregnancy progresses. Keep your heart rate up, but make sure you are working at a sensible intensity and not pushing yourself too hard. Also, warm up gradually and steadily decrease intensity at the end of your workout – to bring your heart and breathing rates down gently.

Vascular underfill When you are first pregnant your body becomes less able to quickly divert your blood to where it is needed. This can make you feel dizzy and faint. If you do, adapt your exercise and avoid quick and frequent transitions (floor to standing etc) and being still for long periods.

How to sleep better during pregnancy, guest blog from Rennie Downes


leachco snoogle body pregnancy pillow

guest blog from Rennie Downes www.pregnancypillows.org

Finding optimal quality rest is crucial during pregnancy, yet a 1998 poll by the National Sleep Foundation shows that 78% of women find it harder to sleep now than at any other time during their lives (even given the disturbed rest likely to follow in the near postpartum months). Why is this, and why is rest so important when we are expecting a baby? What can we do when poor sleep / sleeplessness strike?

Poor sleep during pregnancy

There are many factors that can contribute to inadequate quality or duration of sleep during pregnancy. Anxiety over the birth and our new role as mother – sometimes manifesting as 3am list-making! – can often become a factor in the development of insomnia. Difficulty getting comfortable thanks to changing curves and aching joints may also play a factor to disturbed rest, as can back pain – the latter affecting 50-80% of pregnant women (spine-health.com).

Many expectant mothers will experience vivid or disturbing dreams during their pregnancy, and some could be woken up by the movements of their unborn child. A tendency to feel “overheated” is common, and we are likely to require more frequent night-time bathroom trips as our trimesters progress. 30-50% of pregnant women will also experience heartburn and 26% will suffer from RLS (Restless Legs Syndrome), so it’s really not surprising when the quality of sleep plummets in pregnancy.

Risk of complications

Nevertheless, expectant mothers are “sleeping for two” and as such it is doubly important for the health of both mother and child that adequate rest is acquired. A study by the NSF found links between poor quality slumber and elevated blood pressure in pregnancy (as well as an increased risk of preeclampsia) while other studies show that women who sleep less than six hours per night are more likely to experience longer labors and give birth by Caesarean section.

Poor sleep, depression and a weakened immune system are all inexorably related (poor sleep causes depression and vice versa) and each increases the risk of pregnancy complications (Science Daily). Unfortunately sleep medication is usually not an option during pregnancy, but there are many methods you can use to try to improve the quality of your sleep.

Five ways to better sleep

1) Try not to worry

As hard as it may sound, lying in bed worrying about the fact that you cannot sleep is only going to make your problem spiral. If insomnia strikes, don’t wait it out in bed – you are actually more likely to get back to sleep sooner if you get up and move about, engaging in mild, relaxing activity until your head is ready to hit the pillow.

2) Know your enemy

Insomnia has multiple symptoms, the most commonly known being the classic issue of going to bed only to find sleep impossible. Waking up early, finding it difficult to wake in the morning or regularly waking during the night are all other signals of insomnia, but then again you may feel sleepy for entirely different reasons altogether.

Daytime drowsiness can just mean you need more sleep – but sometimes it indicates underlying medical conditions like anaemia or sleeping disorders such as sleep apnoea, so it is very important to get your fatigue checked out and diagnosed accordingly. Even if your doctor confirms that it is just another symptom of pregnancy, it’s worth being able to rule sleep apnoea etc out as these can have a detrimental effect on your pregnancy and birth.

3) Relax through exercise

Whether you’re new to exercise or already have a regime in place prior to getting pregnant, moderate activity can be helpful to you during pregnancy for several different reasons. If you suffer a bad back, exercising can help strengthen your core and ease discomfort while well-timed aerobic activity – not too close to bedtime – can be an excellent cure for insomnia.

If you struggle to sleep during pregnancy, why not consider using exercise as a form of relaxation? Classes in prenatal yoga and aquatic exercise are both very popular and widely available, but there are many other possibilities too.

In contrary to what you may have been told by your family and friends, pregnancy is not normally a reason to give up your daily dose of cardio. In fact, cardiovascular exercise can help your body to build a larger, more efficient placenta for your baby – and there are many other benefits too. You will need to take things carefully, though, and avoid certain activities like contact sports; if you are unsure which activities are classified as safe, consult your physician.

4) Sleep well-supported

As your trimesters progress you are likely to be spending more time in bed sleeping (or at least resting) every week, so it’s really important that you find a way to get comfortable when doing so. Being able to achieve an optimal sleeping position in which your bump, back and legs can feel relaxed but well-supported goes further than just attaining a good night’s rest – it may also affect your level of discomfort throughout the day, particularly in the case of RLS, back pain or PGP (Pelvic Girdle Pain). If your hips are aligned into a neutral position it could even help baby get into position ready for the birth.

As your uterus expands it will become more and more impossible to lie comfortably or safely on your back, so doctors tend to recommend that you sleep on your left side – yet even this can put a lot of strain on your spine if unsupported. It is therefore recommended that you purchase a suitable maternity pillow to ease the increased weight and strain being placed upon your joints; such pillows are extremely versatile and can help you achieve the best sleeping position during pregnancy. What’s more, with such a huge amount of choices available on the market, you are sure to find the right size, shape and price for you.

5) Speak to your doctor

If all else fails, you are feeling very anxious or just cannot seem to get any sleep, don’t suffer in silence while everyone else dreams! Consult your physician about the possibilities that are open to you during pregnancy – he or she may be able to suggest a suitable medication or other avenues that you’ve not yet explored. Remember that however tired you may be feeling now, it is only temporary and soon everything will change again. Try not to despair, but don’t be afraid to ask for help!

Pelvic floor exercises to stop you wetting yourself!

Pelvic floor exercisers don’t have to be boring and they will stop you weeing yourself!

The pelvic floor (PF) muscles are located between your legs and run from your pubic bone at the front to the base of your spine at the back. You can think of them as a shopping bag or hammock which supports all of your internal organs – an important job. To stick with this analogy, if you imagine you keep loading up your shopping bag its base will come under more and more strain. In the same way, the weight of your growing baby will put increased pressure on these muscles. They can also be weakened and experience some trauma through childbirth.

Read more about the function of your pelvic floor and get tons of exercises on my latest page.

What cardiovascular (CV) exercise is best and safest during pregnancy and why should I bother?!

You may well be feeling a bit pukey and/or constipated (the delights of pregnancy) if you are still in trimester 1, but hopefully that will start to getting better over the next couple of weeks. This feature is all about cardiovascular exercise. If you can face some it may well help ease those pesky pregnancy symptoms.

Cardio exercise is important for keeping your heart and lungs fit and healthy. You’ll need a good level of fitness and endurance for labour (one of the most demanding things your body will ever go through!) and looking after a new baby and the rest of the family (and yourself of course!) Why would you NOT want to improve your cardio fitness?

Read more…..